Some natural domes develop when magma from deep within the Earth pushes up surface rock layers. This type of geologic dome can form as magma intrudes between two layers of sedimentary rock. The magma creates a dome or triangle shape as it pushes the other layers apart. The hardened magma that forms this type of dome is called laccolith.
Another kind of dome is shaped primarily by weathering and erosion, which cause curved sheets of rock to separate from a large rock mass.